As part of the 2010 Government Spending Review and in response to various monitoring reports, Defra Ministers undertook to make Environmental Stewardship (ES) more effective and better targeted. MESME was initially made up of 5 strands of work:
- Water Quality
- Collaboration and Localism
- Climate Change
- Making HLS more effective
- Making ELS more effective
The Project adapted to include trialling and testing a range of improvements to both Higher Level Stewardship and Entry Level Stewardship, aimed at more effective delivery of options on the ground.
As a result of the MESME work over sixty individual proposals were developed. The proposals were either introduced to the scheme from 1 January 2013 or were used to inform the new Rural Development Programme, which started in 2015. In a few cases the proposal was deemed no longer appropriate or possible and was dropped.