The aim of this work is to establish what the risk of cumulative effects of land/sea development activities is on the UK population of over-wintering pink-footed geese Anser brachyrhynchus and the results will be used to provide more consistence and transparent advice on avoidance rates for advisers and developers. This is the third in a series of three reports:
- evaluation of wind farm collision avoidance rates;
- prediction of current cumulative mortality; and
- assessment of risk to the UK population using Population Viability Analysis (PVA).