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Advice and recommendations for beaver reintroduction, management and licensing in England (NEER019)

In August 2020, the UK government announced that beavers on the River Otter in Devon could remain and expand their range naturally. This milestone was reached after the successful conclusion of a five year trial reintroduction of wild-living beavers on the River Otter. A decision is now needed on the future of beavers more widely in England.
Based on a review of research and experience in the UK, Europe and North America, Natural England provides this advice to help inform the government’s decision on the future of wild-living beavers in England, and to meet the ambition set in the 25 Year Environment Plan to reintroduce this species.

Future releases

It is Natural England’s advice that future beaver releases in England should focus on maximising the benefits that beavers can bring and minimising risks or negative impacts to land use, infrastructure, other environmental features or livelihoods. Any further releases need to comply with Defra’s Code for Reintroductions and Other Conservation Translocations in England, which is based on international guidelines.

Three options (‘Approaches’) to future releases are considered:

  1. No further releases of beavers into the wild, except to augment the River Otter population in order to increase genetic diversity.
  2. Beavers reintroduced at a measured pace to locations where it is possible to maximise their environmental, social and economic benefits and minimise risk of conflict with local communities and business interests.
  3. Beavers reintroduced at a faster pace potentially anywhere in England where the criteria of the Defra Code for Reintroductions and Other Conservation Translocations in England can be met.

Natural England recommends Approach 2. This will allow the positive changes resulting from the presence of beavers to be realised and allow habitats and species to adapt to the presence of beavers. A measured pace will give people time to get used to living alongside beavers and maximise the chances of success by providing the opportunity to address evidence gaps, together with building knowledge and capability to manage negative impacts.

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NEER019 Edition 2 Advice and recommendations for beaver reintroduction, management and licensing in England, PDF, 1.3 MB 2021/08/03

Related Access to Evidence records

Beaver reintroductions in England 2000 - 2021 (JP036)
Social dimensions of beaver reintroduction in England: qualitative research pilot (NECR323)
Disease Risk Analysis for the Conservation Translocation of the Eurasian Beaver (Castor fiber) to England (NECR345)
A review of the evidence on the interactions of beavers with the natural and human environment in relation to England (NEER017)
The River Otter Beaver Trial: Natural England’s assessment of the trial and advice on the future of the beaver population (NEER018)
Definition of Favourable Conservation Status for Eurasian beaver, Castor fiber (RP2949)